- How can you tell if a fabric is stretched?
- Is bias cut flattering?
- What does bias mean?
- Can you cut fabric against the grain?
- What does it mean to cut on the grain of fabric?
- How do you know the grain of fabric?
- Why is it important to iron with the grain of the fabric?
- How do you straighten fabric before cutting?
- What does it mean to cut fabric crosswise?
- What happens if you cut a pattern against the grain?
- When cutting fabric what is a bias?
- Where is the selvage on fabric?
- Why is the grain line important?
How can you tell if a fabric is stretched?
Stretch percentage is estimated by stretching a fabric along a 4” – 8” ruler scale.
Begin with fabric at ease on a 4” measurement, and stretch the fabric towards 8”.
The measurement it comfortably reaches will indicate the percentage estimate.
For example, this Art Gallery Skopelos Jersey Knit fabric can stretch to 6”..
Is bias cut flattering?
The cut is key; anything on the bias is usually really flattering as it hugs the small part of your waist and skims over your hips. And a good fabric is essential, too; a good quality silk will smooth out lumps and bumps, not accentuate them.
What does bias mean?
Bias, prejudice mean a strong inclination of the mind or a preconceived opinion about something or someone. A bias may be favorable or unfavorable: bias in favor of or against an idea.
Can you cut fabric against the grain?
It’s not uncommon to be given a direction like “cut against the grain”. If you make a mistake and sew along the bias or against the grain, then you could find your fabric starts to pucker in places. It may also start to stretch in areas that shouldn’t stretch.
What does it mean to cut on the grain of fabric?
When a fabric is “on-grain,” the lengthwise and crosswise threads are at an exact right angle to each other. Woven fabrics always follow the grain because they are made with the actual warp and weft threads. With wovens, when the grain is off, so is the pattern.
How do you know the grain of fabric?
The next time you buy fabric, watch the fabric being cut. It will be cut along the crosswise grain. The line of fabric that moves at a right angle to the crosswise grain is the lengthwise grainline. This thread runs the entire length of the fabric and is parallel to the selvage.
Why is it important to iron with the grain of the fabric?
Pressing seams after they’ve been sewn not only controls the seam allowances, but it also causes the thread to meld into the fabric. This melding process is important, because without it, the thread sits on the surface of the fabric. … And pressing creates a kind of “memory” in the fabric.
How do you straighten fabric before cutting?
Tearing the fabric. Then start ripping it all the way across. Pull away any loose threads and this will give you a straight grain line across. Now fold the fabric again lining up the selvages and cut edges. Both the selvages and cut edges should line up and the fabric should lay nice and flat without any wrinkles.
What does it mean to cut fabric crosswise?
Crosswise fold. For a crosswise fold, fabric is usually folded so the cut ends match. However, a crosswise fold can also be a partial fold. A crosswise fold is often used when pattern pieces are too wide to fit on fabric folded lengthwise.
What happens if you cut a pattern against the grain?
Over time fabrics cut on the cross grain will droop more than then fabric cut on the straight. It’s not a problem for something like a skirt or pants made from a border print. The droop won’t be noticeable in the normal lifetime of the garment. You might see it in heavy curtains, though.
When cutting fabric what is a bias?
Bias cut means to ‘be cut on the grain’. Rather than following the straight line of the weave, the bias cut places the pattern at a 45° angle on the woven fabric.
Where is the selvage on fabric?
Fabric selvage is the tightly woven edge that runs along each side of a piece of fabric’s lengthwise grain, which is also called the fabric’s warp. Selvage edges can be seen on the edges of quilting fabric that are at the top and bottom of a bolt of fabric. In Great Britain, the same term is often spelled “selvedge.”
Why is the grain line important?
Grainline is essentially the weave of the fabric: which direction the threads are running. It’s important to understand because how you cut out a garment will change how the finished garment behaves. … The crossgrain are the threads running the width of the fabric – from one selvedge to the other.