Quick Answer: What Is Varchar Type?

What is varchar example?

VARCHAR is a variable length string data type, so it holds only the characters you assign to it.

VARCHAR takes up 1 byte per character, + 2 bytes to hold length information.

For example, if you set a VARCHAR(100) data type = ‘Jen’, then it would take up 3 bytes (for J, E, and N) plus 2 bytes, or 5 bytes in all..

Which is better char or varchar?

CHAR is a fixed length field; VARCHAR is a variable length field. If you are storing strings with a wildly variable length such as names, then use a VARCHAR, if the length is always the same, then use a CHAR because it is slightly more size-efficient, and also slightly faster.

What does varchar MAX mean?

varchar [ ( n | max ) ] Variable-size string data. Use n to define the string size in bytes and can be a value from 1 through 8,000 or use max to indicate a column constraint size up to a maximum storage of 2^31-1 bytes (2 GB).

What does varchar 30 mean?

The CHAR and VARCHAR types are declared with a length that indicates the maximum number of characters you want to store. For example, CHAR(30) can hold up to 30 characters. The length of a CHAR column is fixed to the length that you declare when you create the table. The length can be any value from 0 to 255.

What does varchar 20 mean?

The data type of varchar is Variable-length with non-Unicode character data. The storage size is the actual length of data entered + 2 bytes. • For varchar (20): The max storage size is: 20*1 byte +2 bytes=22 bytes; •

Does varchar need length?

The answer is you don’t need to, it’s optional. It’s there if you want to ensure that strings do not exceed a certain length. From Wikipedia: Varchar fields can be of any size up to the limit.

What is varchar data type?

As the name suggests, varchar means character data that is varying. Also known as Variable Character, it is an indeterminate length string data type. It can hold numbers, letters and special characters. … SQL varchar usually holds 1 byte per character and 2 more bytes for the length information.

What does varchar 10 mean?

The reason you use a varchar is exactly why it’s named varchar . It allows you to store variable-sized data elements. Typically, char(10) gives you ten characters, no matter what, padding it with spaces if you insert something shorter.

Does varchar reserve space?

Even though the column is variable and the storage space used is variable, MySQL will allocate memory in fixed-chunks to store values. For example varchar(200) will use more memory that varchar(5). This is not a storage space issue, but still something to consider when defining your columns.

Does varchar size matter?

VARCHAR stores varying length and CHAR always use the same exact size no matter the size of the string. For example, CHAR(4) will always store 4 bytes, whereas VARCHAR(4) will store up to 5 bytes.

What is string data type?

A string is generally considered as a data type and is often implemented as an array data structure of bytes (or words) that stores a sequence of elements, typically characters, using some character encoding. String may also denote more general arrays or other sequence (or list) data types and structures.

What is varchar in MySQL?

Varchar in MySQL is a data type used for storing text whose length can have a maximum of 65535 characters. The varchar columns in the table are of variable length string that can hold either numeric or character or both. If values require more than 255 bytes, a column uses length prefix plus two bytes. …

Why is varchar 255?

255 is used because it’s the largest number of characters that can be counted with an 8-bit number. … When used this way, VarChar only uses the number of bytes + 1 to store your text, so you might as well set it to 255, unless you want a hard limit (like 50) on the number of characters in the field.

What does varchar 50 mean?

Varchar(50) stores a maximum of 50 characters. Varchar(max) stores a maximum of 2,147,483,647 characters. But, varchar(50) keeps the 50 character space even if you don’t store 50 characters. but varchar(max) is flexible to any size.

Why do we use varchar?

VARCHAR stores variable-length character strings and is the most common string data type. It can require less storage space than fixed-length types, because it uses only as much space as it needs (i.e., less space is used to store shorter values). … VARCHAR helps performance because it saves space.

Which is better varchar or text in MySQL?

Some Differences Between VARCHAR and TEXT TEXT fields have a fixed max size of 65,535 characters. … VARCHAR is stored inline with the table (at least for the MyISAM storage engine), making it potentially faster when the size is reasonable. Of course, how much faster depends on both your data and your hardware.

Is it bad to use varchar Max?

Varchar(max) should only ever be used if the size of the field is known to be over 8K. In every other instance, the size must be specified. Failure to do so is poor design and will lead to performance issues on any but the most trivial of systems.

How is varchar stored?

All varchar data is stored at the end of the row in a variable length section (or in offrow pages if it can’t fit in row). The amount of space it consumes in that section (and whether or not it ends up off row) is entirely dependant upon the length of the actual data not the column declaration.